A simple deductive argument is a chain of reasoning involving three statements or propositions, where the first two propositions are premises (assumed to be true) and the third one is the conclusion drawn from the premises.
This Verbal Reasoning Test with Syllogisms uses this device because the judgment of such arguments, or the correct assessment of statements has been considered a major component of the broader concept of critical thinking1.
For each question, you will be given two statements. You must select the logical conclusion that can be drawn out of these statements.
The validity of the statements in real life is irrelevant and should not be taken into account.
Statement 1: All birds can fly.
Statement 2: Some dogs are birds.
If some dogs are birds and all birds can fly, then the logical conclusion is: some dogs can fly.
This test is designed as an entertaining and educational tool. The results do not constitute a psychological or psychiatric evaluation of any kind and may not offer an accurate portrait of the mental fitness of the test taker. We do not guarantee the accuracy of the results and these should not be used as an indicator of the capacities of the individual for a specific purpose.
Responses may be recorded and used for research purposes or to be otherwise distributed. All responses are recorded anonymously.
1 Jansson, L. (1974). Structural and linguistic variables that contribute to difficulty in the judgment of simple verbal deductive arguments. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 5, 493-505.